Erectile dysfunction (ED) also known as a sexual dysfunction is an incapability to develop an erection of the penis during a sexual intercourse. Penis erection effects when blood enters and keeps the sponge-like bodies inside the penis. This process is often done during a sexual activity in humans and signals are transferred from the brain to the nerves of the penis.
ED today is not rare. Mostly of the men today experience this type of dysfunction when they are stress. However, this can be already an indication of a health problem that requires immediate treatment right away. Other indication could be emotional or relationship problems that need an to be consulted by a professional as soon as possible.
Erectile dysfunction is not the always the cause for all male sexual problems. There are other types of male dysfunction that includes premature ejaculation, delayed or absent ejaculation and the lack of interest in sex.
According to National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), almost 30 million American men today are affected by Erectile dysfunction. ED increases when men get older. The study says that only 4% percent of men are affected by ED during their 50s, increased by 17% during their 60s and half of all men reaching the age of 75 are suffering from ED.
Even though the chance of getting ED is high when men are aging, ED is not the result of men getting older. Study finds that as men age, attaining penis erection decreases. But that does not mean that you will be affected by ED.
Men get an erection when they are sexually excited. The penis muscles relax and the relaxation increases the blood flow to the penile arteries. The two chambers were the blood fills is known as corpora cavernosa.
ED can be caused by several reasons. So here is the list of organic and physical causes of erectile dysfunction.
- Can be caused by high blood pressure
- Narrowing of blood vessels and also heart disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Can be caused by multiple sclerosis
- Having high cholesterol
- Disorders of the hormone and that includes thyroid conditions and testosterone
- Structural disorder of the penis
- Smoking, alcohol and drug abuse, including the use of cocaine
- Treatments for prostate disease
- Complications caused by surgery
- Pelvic and spinal cord injuries
- Radiation therapy to the pelvic region
Prescribed medications are also considered as organic and can also cause erectile dysfunction. They include:
- Opioid painkillers
- diuretics also are known as “water pills”
- Heart medications such as digoxin
- Prostate treatments and treatments for cancer
- Anxiolytics (treatments for anxiety)
- Sleeping pills and amphetamines
- Drugs that fights high blood pressure
- Hormone drugs including estrogens
- Peptic ulcer medication cimetidine
Psychological causes ED less compared to organic/physical. According to a study, organic/physical causes 90% cases of ED. Examples of psychological causes are guilt, fear of intimacy, depression, and severe anxiety.
Erectile dysfunction can also be treated by oral medication, topical medication, injected medication, extracorporeal shockwave therapy, pumps, surgery and alternative medicine.
Common Treatments for ED can be done through medication options or natural options. For standard treatments, they include exercising, losing weight, stop smoking, and lessen alcohol intake.
For medications like viagra, cialis, and Levitra raises the flow of blood to the penis. However, these medications can cause side effects and that includes nasal congestion, dizziness, facial flushing, upset stomach, headache and vision changes. For men who went through a stroke or low blood pressure are advised not to take the ED medications.
There are three types of ED treatments that are non-drug options. They include penile vacuum, penile implants and blood vessel surgery. A pump will be used before starting the intercourse for the blood to pulled into the penis. But this procedure has a downside since it can trigger bruising. For implants, it is required to be surgically placed or inserted into the penis. Infections can cause also after the surgery. Medical experts only recommend blood vessel surgery when ED is only caused by leaking vessels.
ED can be also treated through natural alternatives. They include:
- Panax Ginseng and Rhodiola Rosea
- Dehydroepiandrosterone – natural hormone created by adrenal glands. The dietary supplement was developed by scientists from wild yam and soy
There are also other potential treatments for ED aside from the treatments that are mentioned above. Alternative therapies to fight against ED can be zinc supplements, herb ashwagandha or Indian ginseng, and also gingko.
It is also advisable to talk to your doctor for best advice and options on how to overcome and prevent ED. ED is a condition that can be treated easily.